Spoon fishing is the most varied fishing method — many species of fish in many different kinds of water are attracted to spoon lures. Because you can use spoon lures in any situation, knowing which spoon to use is crucial to proper spoon fishing.
Spoons are good lures because they move back and forth in the water, mimicking a baitfish. Predator fish like bass, trout,pike, and stripers in both fresh- and saltwater are attracted by the look of a spoon lure.
There are four categories of spoon lures — casting spoons, trolling spoons, topwater spoons, and jigging spoons. Each category of spoons has its own special use.
Types of Spoons
Casting spoons wobble back and forth underwater. Casting spoons lures are oval-shaped. Depending on the thickness and weight of your casting spoon, it may be used from shallow water up to the surface. Another benefit of casting spoons — lighter versions can be drawn back slower, for the best results in cold water fishing.
Trolling spoons are similar to casting spoons, but are noticeably thinner and lighter. They are designed to move in a wider arc at slow reeeling speeds. Most fishermen will fish trolling spoons on a depth control system like a downrigger. Trolling spoons are perfect for trout, salmon, and most predatory open water species.
Topwater spoons are used for casting through thick cover like vegetation. When you reel a topwater spoon rapidly, they rise to the surface and skim over vegetation and cover without snagging. The hook of a topwater spoon is shielded by a weed guard, so you don’t have to worry about losing your line and lure in the weed.
Jigging spoons are specialty lures that fish deeper areas for fish that hug the bottom. Jigging spoons are easy to identify — thick, flat and heavy. They can be jigged vertically or cast out and sink to the bottom. Jigging spoons are perfect for hopping over structures. You’ll get the most strikes on a jigging spoon when it is falling down through the water.
To pick the right color of spoon for your situation, follow this simple guide. Use silver and white in clear water, use brighter colors like red or gold in dirty or muddy water.
More Tips on Spoon Fishing
If you find yourself in a situation where fish are feeding at the surface, let your spoon drop below them a foot or two.
If on the other hand, the fish are feeding on the bottom or in very shallow water, casting the spoon out beyond the fish and retrieving it back in short hops is the best spoon method.
Most of your strikes on spoon lures happen as the lure is descending. For best results, drop the tip of your rod from time to time, “jerking” it back up to pull in bites.
When using a spoon lure, keep your line tense while the spoon is falling through the water. Make the line too tense, and the spoon won’t attract fish. Too little tension can lead to foul hooks and lost bait, as well as lost bites from lack of lure control.